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Slovenian language

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Bad Radkersburg (Austria) & Gornja Radgona (Slovenia)

Slovenian language

Slovene or Slovenian (slovenski jezik or slovenščina) is a South Slavic language spoken by approximately 2.4 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. Slovene is one of the 23 official and working languages of the European Union.

The distinctive characteristics of Slovene are the dual grammatical number, the two accentual norms and an abundant inflection. The name Slovene literally means "Slavic".

Simple rules for reading
This alphabet (abeceda) was derived in the mid 1840s from an arrangement using the same Latin characters made by Croatian national reviver Ljudevit Gaj.
The Slovenian alphabet has 25 letters. It does not have the letters W, Q, X, Y. But: Č (pronounced as ch in English), Š (sh), and Ž (zh, as in azure)

- l, v at the end of a word or before another consonant are pronounced as in English w in “know”. (cerkev, church, 53) 

 

Letter

 

Slovenian Word

 

 Look at page

Pronounced...


 

Meaning

Engl. letter/

letter combination used in the book

A a

ambulanta

40

like a in father

ambulance

a

B b

brat

19

like b in bank

brother

b

C c

cesta

23

combination t+s

street

c

Č č

čas

20

like ch in chocolate

time

c

D d

dovoljeno

26

like d in dog

access

d

E e

lep

59

like e in men

beautiful

e

F f

semafor

28

like f in fire

traffic light

f

G g

gasilec

38

like g in go

fire fighter

g

H h

hiša

55

like h in house

house

h

I i

pismo

36

like i in machine

letter

i

J j

jutri

20

like y in yes

tomorrow

j

K k

kavarna

41

like k in kick

cafe

k

L l

lekarna

40

like l in long

pharmacy

l

M m

mesto

23

like m in mother

square

m

N n

nevarnost

27

like n in north

danger

n

O o

opozorilo

27

like o in boss

warning

o

P p

pekarna

32

like p in post

bakery

p

R r

rumen

28

like r in river

yellow

r

S s

sobota

21

like s in sun

Saturday

s

Š š

šola

26

like sh in shock

school

s

T t

torek

21

like t in town

Tuesday

t

U u

ulica

23

like oo in food

street

u

V v

večer

 

same pronunciation as f

evening

v

Z z

zelen

28

combination t+s

green

z

Ž ž

živjo

18

sh in pleasure

hello

z