Signing the needs
Groceries are expensive in Iceland and most people make larger grocery purchases in supermarkets. In Reykjavik there are both large retail chains and smaller stores. Alcohol is expensive in Iceland and is sold in state owned stores called Vínbúðin. It is prohibited to sell, supply or deliver alcohol to people under 20 years of age.
Online purchases are increasingly popular with both domestic online stores and international. Sales and gift sites on Facebook are widely used, and bland.is is also a popular selling site.
Banking has moved a lot over to the Internet and most people use online banking. Paying by cash has decreased significantly and most people use credit or debit cards.
Attempts are being made to decrease the habit of eating sweets by establishing a "candy day" for children on Saturdays.
Versla - shopping
Borga - pay
Standa í biðröð - to queue
Ég vil fá… - I would like to have…..
Hvað kostar þetta? - How much does it cost?
Búð - shop
Verslun - store
Markaður - market
Bar - bar
Veitingahús - restaurant
Skyndibiti - fast-food
Pizzustaður - pizzeria
Kafﬁhús - café
Bakarí - bakery
Bensínstöð - gas station
Áfengisverslun - liquor store
Pósthús - post ofﬁce
Banki - bank
We have many restaurants and the price range is diverse. The most popular restaurant is probably at IKEA, where the price is low and is family friendly.
It is not customary to tip in restaurants.
Bakeries are popular and you can usually eat in as well as order take away.
Reiðufé - cash
Kreditkort - credit card
Greiðslukort - payment card
Gjaldkeri - cashier
Matur - food
Grænmeti - vegetables
Tómatur - tomato
Gúrka - cucumber
Paprika - pepper
Salat - salad
Laukur - onion
Kartaﬂa - potato
Kjöt - meat
Lambakjöt - lamb
Nautakjöt - beef
Svínakjöt - pork
Kjúklingur - chicken
Fiskur - ﬁsh
Þorskur - cod
Ýsa - haddock
Lax - salmon
Silungur - trout
Mjólk - milk
Ostur - cheese
Jógúrt - yogurt
Ávextir - fruits
Epli - apple
Appelsína - orange
Banani - banana
Bláber - blueberry
Kolaportið is a market that is open on weekends all year round and is very popular. There you can buy food directly from the producer and clothing, both new and used.
There are several second hand markets in Reykjavik. There you can buy both used and new products, such as household utensils, furniture and clothing. Generally, the price is reasonable, and the products are in good condition.
The Red Cross operates several shops, including Góði Hirðirinn and the Salvation Army (Hjálpræðisherinn).
Icelandic cuisine is based on traditional ingredients such as lamb, fish, milk and eggs. In recent years, fast-food restaurants have become popular. Eating habits have changed over the years and food is now much more diverse than before.
Icelanders drink a lot of water as they consider it the best water in the world. You can drink the water directly from the tap. Coffee is common in Iceland, but fewer people drink tea.
Íslenskir sérréttir - Icelandic local specialties
Hangikjöt - smoked lamb
Harðﬁskur - dried ﬁsh
Skyr - skyr
Lifrarpylsa - liver sausage
Blóðmör - blood pudding
Graﬂax - marinated salmon
Pylsa - hot dog / sausage
Kleina - twisted donut
Morgunmatur - breakfast
Hádegismatur - lunch
Kvöldmatur - dinner
Kafﬁ / te - coffee / tea
Millimál - snack
Kafﬁhlé - coffee break
Laugardagsnammi - Saturday candy
Sælgæti - sweet
Súkkulaði - chocolate
Lakkrís - liquorice
Preschool education is not mandatory, but most children go to preschools. Parents apply for a pre-school stay for their child in a municipality where the child is registered with a legal place of residence.
Elementary school is compulsory. That means that children and young people aged 6 - 16, have to seek education. Parents must enroll their children in elementary school and ensure that they study.
Secondary education is not mandatory. The schools are either referred to as colleges, technical colleges, or vocational schools.
Those who intend to study at a university must have completed matriculation examination or hold an equivalent degree. In some departments, special entrance exams are required.
Icelanders read a lot and are considered a nation of book lovers. One of the best ways to increase vocabulary and comprehension is through reading and daily reading is advised.
The Christian Association offers free courses in Icelandic for foreigners.
Information on Icelandic studies for immigrants can be found on the website www.mcc.is
Skóli - school
Háskóli - university
Menntaskóli - high school
Menntun - education
Fullorðinsfræðsla - adult education
Tungumálaskóli - language school
Nám - studying
Nemandi - student
Kennari - teacher
Bækur - books
Höfundar - authors
Bókasafn - library
Læknir - doctor
Hjúkrunarfræðingur - nurse
Sjúkrahús - hospital
Læknasetur - medical centre
Heilsugæsla - healthcare clinic
Læknavaktin - medical emergency clinic
Tannlæknavaktin - dental emergency care
Bráðamóttaka - accident and emergency department
Barnaspítalinn - Children’s hospital
Bráðamóttaka fyrir börn - emergency unit for children
Hvernig líður þér? - how are you feeling?
Þarfnastu hjálpar? - do you need help?
Slys og neyðarástand - accident and emergency
Those who have been domiciled in Iceland for six months are covered by health insurance. It is important to understand your rights during the first six months of stay in Iceland, relevant information is available on the website sjukra.is
Medical services and medicines have to be paid, but Sjúkratryggingar is involved in the payment of costs.
Clinics and public health centers are located in all districts of the capital area. They provide general public health services. Sick people usually first seek help there.
Læknavaktin performs on-call services in the capital area and is open outside working hours all year round and there is no need to make an appointment.
Nurses provide telephone counseling around the clock through the phone numbers 1770 and 1700.
The country is divided into 72 municipalities, each with its own local government. The municipalities are responsible for providing local services to local residents.
The right to vote for local government starts when an Icelandic citizen has reached the age of 18 and is domiciled in the municipality in question. Furthermore, citizens of the Nordic countries that have been domiciled in Iceland for three consecutive years before election day, and other foreign citizens that have been domiciled in Iceland for five consecutive years before election day, get the right to vote for local government.
The right to vote for Alþingi (Parliament) is reserved for Icelandic citizens who have reached the age of 18 and are domiciled in Iceland.
Information on public services is available at island.is.
The Multicultural Center www.mcc.is offers practical information about moving to Iceland, maternity leave, alimony, child support, education etc.
Íslykill is a password that is associated with a person's social security number and used to log into public pages.
Mentor is a web site that enables you to access information from your children's elementary school.
A foreign citizen, from a country outside the European Economic Area (EEA) or EFTA Member States, who intends to stay in Iceland for more than three months must have a residence permit.
A foreign citizen of an EEA or EFTA State does not need a residence permit, but is required to register with the National Registry of Iceland.
The Red Cross has an open house for immigrants and refugees, which is intended for those who are taking the first steps in Icelandic society and need assistance in finding an apartment, job or need guidance on their rights.
In Iceland there are various social activities, for example sports clubs, women's associations, rescue teams, choirs and international women's associations.
Public libraries are the center of human and cultural life and there are diverse activities for immigrants.
Borgaraleg réttindi - civil rights
Skrá sig inn í landið - registering in the country
Taka þátt í stjórnmálum - getting involved in politics
Góðgerðarfélög - Charities
Samfélag - civil society
Sveitarfélag - municipality
Borgarstjóri - mayor
Alþingi - parliament
Ríkisstjórn - government
Kosningar - elections
Fæðingarorlof - maternity leave
Tryggingar - insurance
Barnabætur - child support
Meðlag - alimony
Barnalífeyrir - child beneﬁt
Íslykill - IceKey
Einbýlishús - villa
Raðhús - townhouses
Fjölbýlishús - apartment blocks
Íbúð - apartment
Bílskúr - garage
Geymsla - storage
Kjallari - cellar
Leigutaki - tenant
Leigusali - landlord
Húsnæðislán - mortgage
Gólf - ﬂoor
Húsgögn - furniture
Stóll - chair
Borð - table
Sjónvarp - TV
Skápur - cabinet
Ísskápur - refrigerator
Eldavél - stove
Bakarofn - oven
Örbylgjuofn - microwave oven
Þvottavél - washing machine
Most people in Iceland are home owners. Real estate agents often handle sales and purchases. Loans usually go through banks or pension funds.
It can be difficult to find a place to rent in Reykjavík. Rental housing is often advertised in newspapers but also online and through rental companies. It is advisable to always have a lease.
If you are domiciled in Iceland, you can apply for housing benefits from Íbúðarlánasjóður, which are dependent on the amount of rent, income and family size. Information on housing benefits can be found on the website husbot.is
Municipalities are responsible for a variety of social services to their residents. Individuals can visit their service center and seek advice and other appropriate support. These include general social counseling, financial assistance, housing, matters of the elderly, social care and matters of the disabled and children and young people.
Financial assistance from a municipality can affect an application for an extension of a residence permit, an application for a residence permit and citizenship.
You can also get help from various organizations. These include the Red Cross, Mæðrastyrksnefnd and Hjálparstarf kirkjunnar.
Uppþvottavél - dishwasher
Stigi - stairs
Garður - garden
Verönd - terrace
Eldhús - kitchen
Svefnherbergi - bedroom
Baðhergi - bathroom
Stofa - living room
Gisting - accommodation
Farfuglaheimili - hostel
Gistiheimili - guesthouse
Hótel - hotel