Feel the city
Rottterdam - Second-largest city in The Netherlands.
ROTTE - DAM
The history of Rotterdam goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rotte river. In 1340, Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland.
Rotterdam has the highest percentage of foreigners in the Netherlands. They form a large part of Rotterdam’s multi ethnic and multicultural diversity. 50.3% of the population are of non-Dutch origins or have at least one parent born outside the country.
An estimated 170 different nationalities live in Rotterdam.
Rotterdam is home to the largest Dutch Antillean community. The city also has its own China Town at the West-Kruiskade, close to Rotterdam Centraal.
A lot of container
Rotterdam is Europe’s largest port.
Water vs land
The main street in Rotterdam is the Coolsingel, where you can find the city hall. The street used to be partly a canal, but was completely filled in between 1913 and 1922.
Water vs land 2
Maasvlakte 2 is a major civil engineering project constructing a new port and supporting infrastructure on reclaimed land. Approximately 2000 hectares will be reclaimed, behind a 4 km dike.
The worst disaster to befall the city took place on 14 May 1940. On that Tuesday during the first year of the Second World War, practically the whole of Rotterdam’s old city centre was destroyed in the Rotterdam blitz.
R’dam vs A’dam
There is a healthy competition with Amsterdam, which is often viewed as the cultural capital of the Netherlands. There is a saying: “Amsterdam to party, The Hague to live, Rotterdam to work”.
Another one, more popular by Rotterdammers, is “Money is earned in Rotterdam, distributed in The Hague and spent in Amsterdam”. Another saying that reflects both the rivalry between Rotterdam and Amsterdam is “Amsterdam has it, Rotterdam doesn’t need it”.
Football is life
Rotterdam is the only city with three professional football clubs, being first tier: Feyenoord, Excelsior and Sparta.
Rotterdam is home to 352 completed skyscrapers, 36 of which are higher than 100 metres. The tallest building in Rotterdam is the Maastoren, which rises 165 metres and also stands as the highest building in the Netherlands and the Benelux.
The white house
Rotterdam has its own White House. It was the first skyscraper of Europe.
Famous guitarist Jimi Hendrix gave only one show in the Netherlands. This was in Rotterdam, in 1967.
Although a house variant from Detroit reached Amsterdam first in the late 1980s, it was the producers and DJ’s from Rotterdam in the early 1990s who evolved it into a harder house variant which is today known as ‘gabber’.